Back in September 2017 the then first Minister of Wales, Carwyn Jones, announced that he was setting up an independent commission to review the criminal justice system in Wales. Lord Thomas of Cwmgeidd was asked to chair the commission on Justice which published its final report and recommendations on the 24th October.
The commission considered:
- Over 200 written submissions from individuals, institutions and organisations
- Oral evidence from 150 witnesses from across the spectrum of the justice system
The commission held over 80 meetings and events, visiting Scotland, Northern Ireland and major English cities, and to learn from the policy and practice of several European countries.
The commission’s report, entitled Justice in Wales for the people of Wales makes some far reaching and important recommendations that could influence the future direction of not just criminal justice but the whole devolution settlement in Wales. The headline recommendation is that there should be legislative devolution of justice. This would mean that the National Assembly would have the power to legislate on all forms of justice, including policing and offender management and rehabilitation (recommendation No. 58).
In total the commission makes 78 recommendations.
Below I’ll highlight those that could, if implemented, have an impact on voluntary sector organisations working in criminal justice.
Taking an integrated approach in Wales
A number of the commission’s recommendations are focused on better integrating and aligning policing and crime reduction policy in Wales with other areas of policy that are currently devolved such as health, education and social policy. The report makes the following recommendations around this:
- Policing and crime reduction policy, including drug abuse and mental health related issues, should be determined in Wales so that it is aligned and integrated with Welsh health, education and social policy.
- An integrated and whole system approach to offender management should be established with a single rehabilitative strategy in Wales that is underpinned by a strong evidence base, accurate data, clear governance and accountability arrangements, coherent action plans, a realistic timetable and resources realigned accordingly.
- There should be an integrated approach in Wales to improve leadership and provision of mental health services including support for front line services to enable them to respond better to individuals with mental health needs. Sentencing policy and the delivery of integrated offender management and rehabilitation should be determined in Wales so that it is an integral part of an aligned with Welsh health, education and social policy.
(Recommendations No. 8, 15 & 19)
Clinks welcomes this focus. We highlighted the challenges for voluntary sector organisations in navigating a semi devolved policy landscape in Wales in our evidence to the commission and in our submission to the Senedd Health and Social Care Committee inquiry into prison healthcare. There are significant opportunities for greater integration presented by the Welsh reducing re-offending Framework and the youth justice and female offending blueprints and alongside the Violence against Women, Domestic Abuse and Sexual Violence Act, mental health & substance misuse and accommodation policy and the Wellbeing of Future Generations Act.
Reducing crime and promoting rehabilitation
The report makes the following recommendations about the future of reducing re-offending in Wales:
- A new Wales Criminal Justice Board should be created. It should set an overall criminal justice strategy for Wales and provide the means for accountability within Wales for the delivery of that overall strategic approach.
- The basic design principles for probation set out in the 2018 annual report of the then Chief Inspector of Probation should be applied to the design of the new integrated National Probation Service of Wales and the outcomes should be strictly measured on a regular basis and be made public.
- Intensive alternatives to custody should be devolved as soon as possible in Wales. They should have judicial oversight and be formally evaluated.
- Needs assessments of Welsh offenders should be conducted and collated to identify by volume and character the range of interventions required in both prisons and the community and to ensure that they are sequenced properly for optimal effect.
(Recommendations No. 4, 12, 16 & 17)
Clinks welcomes the commission’s emphasis on alternatives to custody, promoting a whole system approach and better integration between prison and the community. It is also vital that voluntary sector representation on any newly created All Wales Criminal Justice Board, of which Clinks is currently a member, continues so that the sector is able to contribute as a strategic partner as well as a delivery partner.
We welcome the fact that the report acknowledges and responds to the data and recommendation of the Wales Governance Centre that, in Wales, people from black, Asian and minority ethnic communities are disproportionally more likely to be imprisoned and we need to understand why this is the case and look at ways of addressing disparities in imprisonment rates. The commission recommends that “police, Crown Prosecution Service, the judiciary and HMPPS should publish a strategy in respect of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic people in Wales and report annually on the strategy to the Assembly” (Recommendation No. 6). This recommendation takes a wider scope in its approach to addressing race inequality in the criminal justice system than the Lammy Review which covered England and Wales, in that it includes policing and the judiciary.
The report also highlights the work that has been done around women in the criminal justice system in Wales and recommends, “the comprehensive network of services and centres as alternatives to custody for women in Wales must be established rapidly and sustained over time” (Recommendation No. 13). This is an important recommendation given that, as Clinks has previously highlighted, the Ministry of Justice’s Female Offender Strategy, while welcome in its aspirations, does not have sufficient resource attached to achieve them. Clinks therefore welcomes this recommendation and supports the implementation of the Welsh female offending blueprint as a means of achieving it.
At the launch, the First Minister Mark Drakeford announced that there will be an implementation team formed tasked with looking at how to take the commission’s recommendations forward. We welcome the formation of the implementation team and look forward to working with them and supporting them to engage with the voluntary sector in the future.
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.@hibiscuscharity have launched a report - funded by Clinks - which explores the complex issues faced by Black, minoritised and migrant women in contact with the CJS and the resulting impacts on their mental health.
Read the report here: https://hibiscusinitiatives.org.uk/media/2023/06/rmc-mental-health-report-document.pdf