Clinks website

supporting voluntary organisations that work with offenders and their families

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Useful criminal justice statistics

People in prison

  • On 12 of August 2016, the prison population in England and Wales was 85,188
  • Between 1990 and 2015 the average prison population has increased by just over 90%, it is 85,000
  • At the end of May 2016, 74 of the 118 prisons in England and Wales were overcrowded
  • Greater use of long custodial sentences accounted for 66% of the rise in the prison population between 1993 and 2012. The number of people serving sentences of four years or more, including indeterminate sentences, increased by 26,600
  • 46% of adults are reconvicted within one year of release. For those serving sentences of less than 12 months this increases to 60%.
You can find up to date and detailed statistics about the Criminal Justice System in the Prison Reform Trust's Bromley Briefings.


The Evidence Library was launched by the Arts Alliance in November 2012. It is a comprehensive high-quality resource collating research and evaluations on arts projects with offenders for professionals, academics and others working in the Criminal Justice System.

Arts Alliance Evidence Library

Other resources

Clinks' statistical toolkit provides data on a range of community saftey and criminal justice issues searchable by local authority area. Access the toolkit here.

You can  find links to a range of publications and research on the existing evidence on what works in reducing reoffending here.