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Introduction to Transforming Rehabilitation


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Transforming Rehabilitation is the name given to the government's programme for how offenders are managed in England and Wales from February 2015. The programme has involved the outsourcing of a large portion of the probation service in England and Wales.

The reforms have replaced the previous 35 individual Probation Trusts with a single National Probation Service, responsible for the management of high-risk offenders; and 21 Community Rehabilitation Companies (CRCs) responsible for the management of low to medium risk offenders in 21 areas across England and Wales, these are referred to as Contract Package Areas (CPAs).  The CRCs will also have a new responsibility for supervising short-sentence prisoners (those sentenced to less than 12 months in prison) after release.

From 1 February 2015 the successful bidders in the competition for the CRCs began to deliver the programme. These successful bidders are expected to build supply chains that consist of organisations from the public, private, and voluntary sectors through which they will subcontract delivery of some of the services.


The central document outlining the vision behind Transforming Rehabilitation is the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) paper 'Transforming Rehabilitation: A Strategy for Reform', issued in May 2013 in response to their January 2013 consultation document. You can also read Clinks' briefing on the consultation response for more information.

The legal framework which provides the basis for the extension of supervision to offenders sentenced to less than 12 months is the Offender Rehabilitation Act. Read more including Clinks’ briefing on the Offender Rehabilitation Act in Statutory Services for Offenders.


The timescales for the implementation of the reforms are as follows:

29 October 2014 - Preferred bidders announced
18 December 2014 - Contracts awarded
1st February 2015 - The Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (ORA) came into full force, new providers also took ownership of, and began running, the 21 Community Rehabilitation Companies (CRCs)
Late 2015 onwards
- Payment by results begins operation

See also Russell Webster's  timeline for Transforming Rehabilitation, which includes dates for previous stages of the competition.

More information

Latest news on Transforming Rehabilitation
Statutory services for offenders
Subcontracting under TR
Glossary of Transforming Rehabilitation terms
Transforming Rehabilitation FAQs